The Importance of Having Dental Implants
A surgical component that interfaces with the bone of the jaw or skull to support a dental prosthesis such as crown, denture, bridge, facial prosthesis or to act as a orthodontic anchor is a dental implant. A dental prosthesis is an intraoral used to restore intraoral defects such as missing soft or hard structures of the jaw and palate. An intraoral means the inside of the mouth in which restoration occurs. A dental specialty that focuses on dental prostheses is prosthodontics.
The dental prostheses are used to for the following functions which include; aiding of speech, improve aesthetics and rehabilitating mastication. Holding of one place by connecting to teeth or dental implants by suction or being passively held by surrounding muscles is how the dental prostheses are positioned. Dental prostheses are either permanently fixed or temporary and made in a lot of variations.
Dental prostheses that are permanently fixed use dental adhesive or screws to attach to the teeth or dental implants. Using friction against parallel hard surfaces that undercuts the adjacent teeth or dental implants, suction using the mucous retention and also by exploiting the surrounding muscles and anatomical contours of the jaw to passively hold it in place is the process of removing dental prostheses.
In regards to a person bite dental braces or orthodontic anchors are used to straighten teeth and help position teeth while at the same time improving an individual’s dental health. Not only does braces straighten teeth and help position them with regard to a person’s bite but they also correct under bites, overbites, open bites, deep bites, cross bites, crooked teeth, malocclusions among other flaws of the teeth and jaw.
Aside from assisting in shaping the teeth and jaws the combination of other orthodontic appliances are used to help widen the palate or jaws and they can be found as cosmetic or structural braces. A biological process that is used as a basis of modern dental implants is osseo- integration. An intimate bond to bone is accomplished by using titanium as the base material. Osseointegration is the direct structural and functional connection between living bone and the surface of a load- bearing artificial implant. The application of osseointegration include the following; eye-borg perceive color through sound waves, bone anchored hearing conduction amplification, retention of the craniofacial prostheses, dental implants, bone anchored limb prostheses and knee and joint replacement.
When osseointegration is carried out an amount-able period of time is required for healing before either the dental prosthetic is attached to the implant or an abutment is placed which holds the dental prosthetic. Position and angle of adjacent teeth through lab simulations or using computer tomography with CAD/CAM simulations and surgical guides called stents determines the positioning of implants.