The Functional Outdoor Ponds
A pond can be described as a body of standing water which can either be man made or natural and their sizes are smaller than a lake. Ponds that arise naturally usually do so in floodplains which is usually a part of the river system or they can be isolated depressions that fill up with rainwater over time. Most ponds are very shallow but they also have life in them mostly plants and animals that are adapted to surviving in water. Water level, nutrient level, shading by the trees salinity, the effects experienced when animals graze there as well as presence or absence of streams are some of the factors that influence the type of aquatic plants and animals that are present in a pond.
It is easy to construct a human made pond which are the most common types of pond as compared to a natural pond forming. Digging ponds in the backyard as well as removing mud form existing ponds is a common practice by many farmers all over the world to ensure that they are able to collect enough water during the wet to sustain their farming activities in the future. Habitat restoration enhancement, as well as wastewater treatment, are other reasons for the construction of water ponds. Water gardens and water features are also a type of ponds constructed for purposes such as architectural features or for aesthetic ornamentation for landscapes. Other types of artificial ponds constructed are solar ponds that are used for thermal energy storage and fish ponds are used to breed fish for commercial purposes.
One has to make some considerations during the construction of an outdoor pond in a home. The main thing to ensure during the construction of an outdoor pond is to look for a site that is well drained as well as ensure that there are no underground cables, pipes, sewers or even septic fields in the area. Having an outdoor faucet will ensure that it is easier to refill the outdoor pond when there is need. Ensuring partial shading of the outdoor pond will also prevent excessive evaporation from the pond as well as reduce the rate of algae growth in the pond. The shading should not be from trees since leaves might fall into the pond and accumulate at the bottom causing clogging of the pond pumps. The sun and the shade can be balanced depending on the purpose which the pond shall be put to by using plants such as lilies or even use a portable shade screen for shading. Once a hole for the outdoor pond has been dug, it should be lined well with a suitable outdoor pond liner. Edging of the pond perimeter or even placing some stones should be done once the outdoor pond has been filled with water.